Editorial Policies


Aims & Scope
Human and Animal Rights
Informed consent
Conflict of interest
Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Peer Review Process
Open Access Policy
Corrections, retractions and expressions of concern about research findings

Aims & Scope
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine (APJTB) is administrated by Hainan Medical University and sponsored by Hainan Medical University Journal Publisher, and aims to establish an international academic communicating platform for researchers of tropical biomedicine and public health workers, especially specialists and scholars of the Asian Pacific region and worldwide on tropical biomedicine research, to prevent and control the prevalence of global tropical disease.
APJTB is an international academic journal and is distributed worldwide. The journal first reports the latest findings in both basic and clinical researches on tropical biomedicine by studying biology (botany, zoology and microbiology)-especially tropical plants, animals, microorganisms and marine organisms, analyzing biological substances and utilizing biotechnologies to assist the diagnosis and treatment of tropical diseases. Detailed areas of focus include biology, bacteriology, biochemistry, biotechnology, cell biology, environmental biology, microbiology, medical microbiology, pharmacology, physiology, pathology, immunology, virology, toxicology, epidemiology, vaccinology, hematology, histopathology, cytology, genetics and tropical agriculture. Original article, review, epidemiological investigation, clinical research, management and decision-making, case report, editorial, short communication, letter to editor related to the aim and scope of APJTB are encouraged.
The journal is aimed at researchers, physicians, clinicians in the field and not in the field, medical scientists, educators, administrators, allied health professionals, medical students and policy makers. The journal is proud to have an international and diverse editorial board that will assist and facilitate the publication of articles that reflect a global view on tropical disease as well as emphasizing our focus on supporting the needs of public health practitioners. 
APJTB will allow us to seek opportunities to work with others who share mutual goals, and to enhance our work through partnership, and to uphold the standards of our profession and contribute to its advancement

Human and Animal Rights
Human experiments should be performed only in accordance with the ethical standards provided by the responsible committee of the institution and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000), available at http://www.wma.net/e/policy/b3.htm. Animal experiments should be in accordance with the instructions for the care and use provided by the institution at which the research was carried out.

Informed consent
All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects being recognized (or an eye bar should be used).

The submission of a manuscript by authors implies that they automatically agree to assign exclusive copyright to the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine if the manuscript is accepted for publication. The work should not be published elsewhere in any form without the written permission of the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. All rights of the articles published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical or otherwise) without permission from the Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine.

Conflict of Interest
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine is a peer-reviewed journal, to ensure the high-quality, fair and ethical publication of scientific papers, the principles outlined below should be obeyed by all participants involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, and the publisher in the publication process. Our ethic statements are in compliance with existing Elsevier policies & COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
Responsibility for the Authors
1. All authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Written approval signed by all authors should be presented with the manuscript. The sequence of author's names represent the degree of contribution. Co-authorship should be indentified in the manuscript.
2. Authors must certify that their manuscript is their original work, has not previously been published elsewhere, or even submitted and been in reviewed in another journal. Any kinds of plagiarism, fraudulent data found in the paper will be denied for publication.
3. Authors are obliged to provide corrections of mistakes and report any errors they discover in their published paper to the Editors by email: apjtbb@yahoo.com; apjtbb@apjtb.com.
4. Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript and state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.
5. All submitted papers are subjected to strict peer review process which is available online http://www.apjtb.com/process.htm
6. All submitted papers will be checked for plagiarism using iThenticate software. An overall similarity less than 20% and similarity of text from a single source less than 5% for a manuscript will be considered for publication.

Responsibility for the reviewers
1. Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential.
2. Reviewers should express their views objectively and clearly with supporting arguments, no personal criticism of the author, and provide the author with useful suggestions for improvement of the manuscript.
3. Reviewers may identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors and should contact the editorial office for any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published papers.
4. Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers and inform the editorial office.
Responsibility for the editors
1. Editors should guarantee the quality of the publication.
2. Editors should process the submitted papers fairly and timely.
3. Editor is ultimately responsible for the selection of all its content, and editorial decisions may be informed by issues unrelated to the quality of a manuscript, such as suitability for the journal
4. Editors should select appropriate and eligible reviewers for the submitted papers and keep all information of reviewers confidential.
5. Editors should send the reviewers’ comments back to authors timely and promote the authors to resubmitted papers.
6. It is the responsibility of the editor to ensure that reviewers have access to all materials that may be relevant to the evaluation of the manuscript, including supplementary material for e-only publication, and to ensure that reviewer comments are properly assessed and interpreted in the context of their declared conflicts of interest

Peer Review Process
The acceptance of each paper will be decided by three reviewers for publication.
1. Editor receives manuscript and then sends it to three qualified reviewers.
2. If one of the three reviewers disagrees with publication, editor will select the fourth reviewer for peer review.
3. If the fourth reviewer agrees with publication, editor will inform the author for acceptance.
4. If the fourth reviewer disagrees with publication, editor will select the fifth reviewer. 
5. If the fifth reviewer agrees with publication, editor will inform the author. If not, the paper will be rejected.
6. If no experts included in our expert database are qualified for the peer review of an article, editor will invite other competent experts to make a decision.
7. The final decision of acceptance lies with the chief editor based on the comments of the reviewers. and authors will be informed of the decision (Acceptance, minor revision, major revision or rejection).
8. Each peer review process is expected to be completed within 10 days (the first three reviewers will finish reviewing within 10 days, and the fourth and fifth reviewers have 10 days each).
The journal has 695 international leading experts of tropical biomedicine from 70 countries.

1. Two statistical editorial members are responsible for the review of statistical analyses.
2. Two linguistic experts are in charge of language evaluation each article.
3. Crosscheck plagiarism screening tool is used to prevent plagiarism.
4. As a member of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the journal firmly sticks to the COPE's code.
5. The journal strictly implements the regulations of Medical Ethics Committee.

6. The journal strictly complies with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ uniform requirements for manuscripts.


Open Access Policy
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine is an open access journal, which provides immediate open access to the full text of the article to promote global academic exchanges. All interested readers can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles at no cost (for personal noncommercial use only), under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine is indexed or abstracted in Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS Previews, BIOSIS Citation Index,  Zoological Record, Embase, Chemical Abstracts, Western Pacific Region Index Medicus, Scopus, Index Copernicus, Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience Abstract, Global Health, Cambridge Scientific Abstract , Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CNKI, Wanfang Data, Open Academic Journals Index, Directory of Open Access Journals and InfoBase Index.

Corrections, retractions and expressions of concern about research findings
Editors must assume initially that authors are reporting work based on honest observations. Nevertheless, two types of difficulty may arise.
Firstly, errors may be noted in published articles that require the publication of a correction or erratum of part of the work. It is conceivable that an error could be so serious as to vitiate the entire body of the work, but this is unlikely and should be handled by editors and authors on an individual basis. Such an error should not be confused with inadequacies exposed by the emergence of new scientific information in the normal course of research. The latter require no corrections or withdrawals.
The second type of difficulty is scientific fraud. If substantial doubts arise about the honesty of work, either submitted or published, it is the editors’ responsibility to ensure that the question is appropriately pursued (including possible consultation with the authors). However, it is not the task of editors to conduct a full investigation or to make a determination; that responsibility lies with the institution where the work was done or with the funding agency. The editor should be promptly informed of the final decisions, and, if a fraudulent paper has been published, the journal must print a retraction. If this method of investigation does not result in a satisfactory conclusion, the editor may choose to publish an expression of concern, with an explanation.
The retraction or expression of concern, so labeled, should appear on a numbered page in a prominent section of the journal, be listed in the contents page, and include in its heading the title of the original article. It should not simply be a letter to the editor. Ideally, the first author should be the same in the retraction as in the article, although under certain circumstances the editor may accept retractions by other responsible people. The text of the retraction should explain why the article is being retracted and include a bibliographic reference to it.
If a published paper is found later to be extensively plagiarized and is found to be a duplicate or redundant publication, a note of retraction will be published, the indexing services will be notified, and copies of the correspondence will be sent to the authors’ head of institute.
The validity of previous work by the author of a fraudulent paper cannot be assumed. Editors may ask the authors’ institution to assure them of the validity of earlier work published in their journals or to retract it. If this is not done they may choose to publish an announcement to the effect that the validity of previously published work is not assured.
For any errors in an already-published article, the journal may publish a notice of correction, which should include the exact nature of the error, along with the citation information for the corrected article.
For any errors in an already-published article, the journal may publish a notice of correction, which should include the exact nature of the error, along with the citation information for the corrected article.
APJTB is a member of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and will strictly follow the retraction guidelines of COPE. If published articles violate ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, plagiarism, data error, etc., the editor may retract publications (or issue expressions of concern). This notice of retraction will: contain the title "Retraction: [article title]", authors of the article, the reason for the retraction and who request to retract the article; include a link to the original electronic article which will be retained with "retracted" watermark on each page of the PDF; be published online in the next issue and be listed in the table of contents as soon as possible.

   The Publisher, Society and Editors cannot be held responsible for errors and any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; the views and opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the Publisher, Society and Editor, neither does the publication of advertisements constitute any endorsement by the Publisher, Society and Editor of the products advertised.
   To the extent permissible under applicable laws, no responsibility is assumed by Elsevier nor by Hainan Medical University Journal Publisher, for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a result of any actual or alleged libelous statements, infringement of intellectual property or privacy rights, or products liability, whether resulting from negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any ideas, instructions, procedures, products or methods contained in the material therein.